Erik Neuenschwander is Apple’s Director of User Privacy, in charge of privacy engineering efforts across Apple’s products and services. Erik’s organization supports teams throughout the company to design amazing experiences with groundbreaking privacy protections, delivering features like Intelligent Tracking Prevention and Differential Privacy, as well as privacy-forward services like Apple News and Maps. The User Privacy team focuses on privacy by default, including data minimization, technical limits on data use, application of data protection, on-device processing, and privacy-preserving technologies. Erik has over eighteen years of experience in software technology including roles at Casio, Microsoft, and Apple. He holds a BS in Symbolic Systems and an MA in Philosophy from Stanford University and was a Teaching Fellow in Stanford’s Computer Science department.