Kate Ruane is a senior legislative counsel with the ACLU, where she focuses her advocacy on free speech, surveillance, and privacy issues. In that role, she leads the ACLU’s work to shape policy at every level to protect the freedom of speech, eliminate unwarranted government surveillance, and increase privacy protections for all people. Kate was previously a legislative attorney with the Congressional Research Service (CRS) for 11 years. CRS is a nonpartisan federal agency that provides in-depth research and analysis on some of the most challenging questions faced by members of Congress and their staff as they consider legislation. In her role at CRS, Kate served as an expert on the First Amendment’s freedom of speech clause. She also covered issues involving telecommunications and consumer privacy.